What is mindfulness - woman practicing mindfulness meditation

What Is Mindfulness? Everything You Need To Know

What is mindfulness? Is it a type of meditation? Are you supposed to clear your mind? here is everything you need to know about Mindfulness.

Introduction to Mindfulness

“What is mindfulness?” you may ask. Well, imagine you’re walking in a forest. The sun is filtering through the leaves, the birds are singing, and the scent of the earth and foliage fills the air.

But instead of enjoying these sensations, you’re lost in your thoughts, thinking about your to-do list or replaying a conversation from yesterday. Suddenly, you snap back to the present moment and realize you’ve missed the beauty around you.

That’s where mindfulness comes in. Mindfulness is the practice of purposefully focusing your attention on the present moment—and accepting it without judgment.

It’s about waking up, connecting with ourselves, and appreciating the fullness of each moment of life. In today’s fast-paced world, mindfulness offers a way to slow down, to regain control of your own mind amid the chaos.

The Origin and History of Mindfulness

What is mindfulness - Young Buddhist monk walking through a wooden tunnel

Mindfulness is not a newfangled trend or a buzzword for the self-help industry. Its roots run deep into the ancient traditions of Buddhism and Yoga.

In the Buddhist context, mindfulness is a part of the path to enlightenment, a step toward understanding the true nature of reality.

The term used in ancient texts is ‘Sati,’ which translates to mindfulness or awareness.

In the 20th century, the practice of mindfulness traveled from East to West, adapting to our modern world.

The 1970s saw the introduction of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR), a program developed by Dr. Jon Kabat-Zinn.

He successfully merged ancient wisdom with modern science, making the benefits of mindfulness more accessible and applicable to everyday life. From then on, mindfulness has grown in popularity, making its way into healthcare, education, and even corporate settings.

Scientific Explanation of Mindfulness

What is mindfulness - a brain map doll

So how does mindfulness work in terms of science? Well, to put it simply, practicing mindfulness rewires your brain. 

When you focus your attention on the present moment, you’re strengthening and creating new neural pathways. It’s like going to the gym, but for your brain. Neuroplasticity, the brain’s ability to change and adapt, plays a significant role here.

According to scientific studies, regular mindfulness practice can increase the density of gray matter in brain regions linked to learning, memory, emotion regulation, and empathy. 

Other research shows that mindfulness can help reduce activity in the amygdala, the part of the brain associated with stress and anxiety. 

As a result, it promotes relaxation and enhances our ability to deal with daily life’s ups and downs.

But mindfulness isn’t just good for your brain—it’s beneficial for your body too. 

Research suggests that it can lower blood pressure, improve sleep, and boost the immune system. So, not only does mindfulness help you live in the moment, but it also contributes to a healthier, happier life. Now that’s what I call a win-win!

Mindfulness and Positive Psychology

Positive psychology is a branch of psychology that emphasizes the study of positive human functioning, including happiness, strength of character, and optimism.

It’s about nurturing what is best within us and enhancing our experiences of love, work, and play. So, where does mindfulness fit into this picture?

The Intersection of Mindfulness and Positive Psychology

Mindfulness and positive psychology share a common goal: enhancing well-being. They both encourage us to shift our focus from what’s wrong in our lives to what’s right.

While positive psychology prompts us to foster positive emotions and personal strengths, mindfulness helps us appreciate and savor these positive experiences in the present moment.

How Mindfulness Enhances Positive Psychology

Mindfulness can act as a catalyst for positive psychology in several ways:

  1. Savoring the present: Mindfulness teaches us to focus on the present moment. When we’re fully present, we’re more likely to notice and savor positive experiences, whether it’s the beauty of a sunset, the joy of laughter, or the satisfaction of a job well done.

  2. Fostering gratitude: Mindfulness and gratitude go hand in hand. When we’re mindful, we’re more likely to appreciate the good in our lives and express gratitude, both of which are key components of positive psychology.

  3. Enhancing self-awareness: Mindfulness encourages self-awareness, helping us recognize our strengths and virtues, which is a primary goal of positive psychology.

  4. Reducing negative thought patterns: Mindfulness can help us become aware of negative thought patterns and gently steer our focus back to the positive, promoting optimism and resilience.

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT)

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) is an innovative form of therapy that combines cognitive behavioral techniques with mindfulness strategies. It’s a therapeutic approach that has been effectively used to help individuals suffering from depression, anxiety, and stress-related disorders.

What is MBCT?

MBCT was specifically designed to help people who suffer from repeated bouts of depression. It’s a structured program that combines elements of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) with mindfulness techniques. The goal is to change the way you think and feel about your experiences, especially stressful ones, and encourage a healthier response to such experiences.

How Does MBCT Work?

MBCT operates on the premise that when individuals who have historically had depression become distressed, they return to automatic cognitive processes that can trigger a depressive episode. The therapy supports individuals in developing a new relationship to these thoughts and feelings.

The mindfulness component of MBCT involves becoming aware of and paying attention to the present moment in a non-judgmental way. This can help you to be more in tune with your thoughts and feelings without becoming overwhelmed by them.

Benefits of MBCT

Research has shown that MBCT can provide significant benefits, particularly for individuals who have experienced recurrent depression. It can help to:

  1. Reduce the risk of relapse in depression: Studies have found that MBCT can decrease the likelihood of relapse for individuals who have experienced three or more episodes of depression.

  2. Alleviate symptoms of depression and anxiety: By helping individuals relate differently to their thoughts and feelings, MBCT can help reduce the symptoms of depression and anxiety.

  3. Improve the quality of life: Through fostering a greater awareness and acceptance of one’s thoughts and feelings, MBCT can enhance overall well-being and life satisfaction.

MBCT is a powerful therapeutic approach that combines cognitive behavioral techniques with mindfulness strategies.

By helping individuals change their relationship with their thoughts and feelings, it can provide significant benefits for mental health issues and overall well-being.

The Seven Essential Aspects of Mindfulness

Consider mindfulness as a multi-faceted gem. Each facet, or aspect, contributes to its overall effectiveness. 

To truly grasp the concept and make it work for you, let’s delve into these seven essential aspects of mindfulness. Each one can potentially transform your perspective and elevate your quality of life.


Mindfulness invites us to become impartial observers of our own experiences. We have a tendency to label our thoughts and emotions as ‘good’ or ‘bad.’ 

However, this practice can lead to stress and anxiety. By practicing non-judging, we learn to witness our thoughts bodily sensations and emotions without categorizing or criticizing them.


You’ve probably heard the saying, “Patience is a virtue”. This holds particularly true in the realm of mindfulness. It teaches us to allow things to unfold in their own time. Essentially, it’s about understanding and accepting that sometimes, the best action is no action at all.

Beginner’s Mind

Imagine a child experiencing snowfall for the first time, their eyes wide with wonder. This is the ‘beginner’s mind.’ It’s about seeing the world with fresh eyes and embracing experiences as if you’re encountering them for the first time. 

This perspective encourages curiosity and makes life more exciting and fulfilling.


At the heart of mindfulness is the call to trust in our own wisdom and intuition. It’s about believing in our own experiences and insights. After all, who knows you better than you do?


In life, we’re often striving for something—be it a better job, more money, or a healthier body. But mindfulness introduces the concept of non-striving, simply being. 

This can be a challenging concept to grasp as it goes against our usual conditioning. However, non-striving doesn’t mean inaction. It’s about being fully engaged in the present moment, whatever that may entail.


Acceptance in mindfulness doesn’t imply resignation. Rather, it’s about a mindful acceptance, acknowledging the reality of the present moment, without trying to change it. Only when we accept things as they are can we see clearly and take appropriate action.

Letting go

This aspect of mindfulness is about releasing our attachments to ideas, experiences, and preconceived notions. Like a river flowing freely, when we let go, we create space for new experiences and insights.

By understanding and incorporating these seven aspects into your mindfulness practice, you’re sure to experience a more profound sense of peace and satisfaction. 

Remember, mindfulness isn’t about getting somewhere else—it’s about being where you are and knowing it’s enough.

Exploring Mindfulness Meditation

Mindfulness meditation is a specific approach to mindfulness that can be a powerful tool in managing stress, anxiety, and negative emotions.

It’s a practice that encourages the development of a focused, non-judgmental awareness of the present moment, which can have profound effects on our mental and emotional well-being.

What is Mindfulness Meditation?

At its core, mindfulness meditation is a practice where you use a technique – such as focusing on your breath or a particular object – to train your attention and awareness and achieve a mentally clear and emotionally calm state. It invites us to stop, breathe, observe, and connect with our inner experience.

How to Practice Mindfulness Meditation

Here are some steps to get you started with your mindfulness meditation practice:

  1. Find a quiet space: Choose a calm and quiet space where you can meditate without interruptions.

  2. Sit comfortably: Find a comfortable position, whether it’s on a meditation cushion, chair, or even your bed.

  3. Focus on your breath: Close your eyes and bring your attention to your breath. Notice the sensation of the air entering and leaving your body.

  4. Notice when your mind wanders: It’s natural for your mind to wander. When it does, simply notice it without judgment and gently bring your attention back to your breath.

  5. Be kind to your wandering mind: Don’t judge yourself for whatever thoughts crop up, just practice recognizing when your mind has wandered off, and gently bring it back.

The key to mindfulness meditation is consistency. Even just a few minutes a day can make a difference.

Mindfulness Exercises for Negative Emotions

Negative emotions are a part of life, but regular practice of mindfulness meditation can equip us with the tools to handle them effectively. Here are a couple of mindfulness exercises to help manage negative emotions:

  1. Observing thoughts exercise: When a negative emotion arises, instead of reacting to it, try to step back and observe it. See it as a separate entity and observe its nature. This can help you realize that you are not your thoughts or emotions, and they don’t define you.

  2. Body scan exercise: This involves paying attention to different parts of your body, from your toes to the crown of your head. It can help you become more aware of physical sensations and release tension that you may be holding due to negative emotions.

Remember, mindfulness meditation isn’t about getting rid of all negative emotions. It’s about changing our relationship with them, allowing them to be present without letting them overwhelm us. It’s a journey, not a destination. So, be patient with yourself as you embark on your mindfulness meditation practice.

Mindfulness in the Workplace

what is mindfulness - woman meditating at work

In the hustle and bustle of the modern work environment, it’s easy to get swept away by the currents of stress and burnout. But here’s where mindfulness plays a crucial role. 

By helping you stay focused on the task at hand, mindfulness can boost productivity and creativity. 

It also fosters a sense of empathy, enabling you to understand your colleagues’ perspectives better, thus improving team dynamics and communication.

The next time you’re at work, take a moment to truly listen to a coworker or simply savor your cup of coffee. You’ll be surprised how these little moments of mindfulness, like walking around the office, can make a big difference.

Related: Meditation at Work: How to Do It, Tips, and the Benefits

Mindfulness as a Response to Modern Stress

Our digital age often feels like a never-ending rollercoaster ride. Between juggling work commitments, family responsibilities, and social engagements, stress can sneak up on us. 

But imagine having a secret weapon that helps you remain calm amid the chaos. That’s what mindfulness is! 

By bringing our attention back to the present moment, mindfulness provides a much-needed break from the constant barrage of stimuli. It’s like finding an oasis of peace in a bustling city. So, the next time you feel overwhelmed, remember to take a mindful breath.

Mindfulness in Big Corporations

If you thought mindfulness was just for monks or yoga enthusiasts, think again. Big corporations, including Google and General Mills, are investing in mindfulness programs for their employees. Why, you ask? 

Well, these companies recognize the value of mindfulness in enhancing employee wellbeing and productivity. Google’s “Search Inside Yourself” program, for instance, has been a massive hit among its employees. It’s a testament to how mindfulness can be effectively integrated into the corporate world. So, whether you’re a CEO or an intern, mindfulness has something to offer you.

Common Misconceptions about Mindfulness

Mindfulness has gained popularity over the years, and with it, a few misconceptions have sprung up. Let’s take a moment to clear the air:

  1. Mindfulness is about emptying your mind: On the contrary, mindfulness is not about creating a blank slate but rather noticing and accepting thoughts and feelings as they come and go without judgement.

  2. You need to meditate for hours to practice mindfulness: While meditation can certainly enhance your mindfulness practice, it’s not the only way. You can practice mindfulness in everyday activities, like brushing your teeth, eating a meal, or taking a walk.

  3. Mindfulness is a religious practice: While it has roots in Buddhism, mindfulness as practiced today is a secular activity that doesn’t require any religious or spiritual belief.

Remember, mindfulness is a personal journey, and it’s okay if your experience doesn’t match up with what you’ve heard or read. The important thing is to stay open and curious.

Benefits of Mindfulness

What is mindfulness? - Man meditating on his bed
What is mindfulness? – The amazing benefits of mindfulness

You might have heard that mindfulness can improve your mental health and well-being, but what specific benefits does it offer? While there are numerous benefits to mindfulness, here are three key benefits that you can experience by incorporating mindfulness into your daily routine:

Reduced stress

Researchers found that mindfulness can help to reduce stress levels. Mindfulness helps to break the cycle of rumination, or endlessly worrying about things that have already happened.

When we ruminate, we’re essentially reliving our stressors over and over again in our minds, which can keep us in a state of constant stress. Mindfulness, on the other hand, encourages us to focus on the present moment, which can help to break the cycle of rumination and allow us to move on.

Mindfulness also helps to reduce stress by increasing our ability to regulate our emotions. When we’re feeling stressed, our emotions can feel out of control and overwhelming.

But mindfulness helps us to become more aware of our emotions and learn how to manage them in a healthy way. As a result, we’re less likely to be controlled by our stressors and more likely to recover from them quickly.

Improved focus and concentration

Scientific research has also shown us that mindfulness can have a significant impact on focus and concentration.

This is because mindfulness helps you notice when your attention has wandered off so you can bring it back to the present moment.

That repeated “redirecting” of your attention strengthens what scientists call your “attention muscle.” Just like physical muscles, this attention muscle gets stronger with use. As it gets stronger, it becomes easier and easier to keep your attention where you want it.

One study found that after eight weeks of mindfulness training, participants were better able to focus on a task and ignore distractions. Another study found that mindfulness improved working memory and executive attention (which is the ability to plan and organize). And yet another study showed that mindfulness helped people with ADHD sustain their attention for longer periods of time.

What is mindfulness? - Mother and two children meditating on a couch
What is mindfulness? – Mindfulness can help the family stay calm and focus

Better Health

Another well-documented benefit of mindfulness is improved health.

Mindfulness is all about being present in the moment and paying attention to our thoughts and feelings without judgment.

This can help us to become more aware of our own self-destructive thoughts and behaviors, and learn how to better cope with stressors in our lives.

Over time, this can lead to lasting changes in our brain structure and function, which translates into improved physical and mental health.

For example, studies have shown that mindfulness can help reduce inflammation, improve sleep quality, and even lower blood pressure which can reduce the risk of heart disease. It can also lead to improved mental health – such as reduced anxiety, depression, and stress – as well as improved overall life satisfaction.

Mindfulness-based cognitive therapy is now commonly used in medical centers and hospitals across the world

Related: The 5 Most Powerful Benefits of Mindfulness Meditation or Sleep Better with Guided Meditation

Mindfulness Techniques You Can Practice Anywhere

Practicing mindfulness: Woman on a yoga mat practicing mindfulness meditation
What is mindfulness? – Techniques you can practice anywhere

The great thing about mindfulness is that it’s really something you can do anywhere, anytime. Here are three mindfulness techniques you can use to start practicing today:

Body scan

Body scanning is a form of mindfulness that can be done without any special equipment or clothing, and you can do it sitting or lying down. 

All you have to do is focus your awareness on different parts of your body, starting from the toes and moving up to the head.

Close your eyes and take a few deep breaths. Then, start at the top of your head and focus your attention on each body part, one at a time.

Notice how it feels, without passing judgment on whether it feels good or bad. Just observe the sensations. Once you’ve scanned your whole body, take a few deep breaths and open your eyes.

Mindful breathing

Breathing is an essential part of life, and yet so many of us don’t pay attention to it. Mindful breathing is a great way to practice mindfulness in any situation.

Take a few deep breaths and focus your attention on the sensation of the breath entering and leaving your body. Notice each inhalation and exhalation. Notice the rise and fall of your chest or belly as you breathe.

If your mind starts to wander, gently bring your attention back to the breath. This technique can help you reduce stress and anxiety, and reconnect with your body in the present moment.

Mindful eating

Have you ever finished a meal without tasting a single bite? Mindful eating is all about being present while you’re eating so you can savor each flavor and texture.

Before you begin, take a moment to look at your plate. Notice the colors and textures of the food. Then, as you start eating, focus on the taste and texture of each bite.

Chew slowly and savor the flavors. Don’t rush through it – enjoy every bite! Not only will doing so help you be more mindful, but it can also help you to eat less and appreciate your food more.

Start Now

So, there you have it. Mindfulness demystified, wrapped up, and tied with a bow. But remember, reading about mindfulness is just the beginning. The real magic happens when you start practicing.

So, why not start today? Take a few moments to savor your next meal, appreciate the beauty around you, or simply notice your breath.

And don’t forget to share your experiences in the comments below. Let’s embark on this journey of mindfulness together. After all, the road to mindfulness is always easier when walked with friends.

The Takeaway

In the whirlwind of life, mindfulness can be an anchor, grounding you in the present moment. It’s not a magical cure-all, but it does offer a path to a more balanced, peaceful, and fulfilling life.

It’s about learning to live with more awareness, more understanding, and more love for life and everything it encompasses. So, why not give it a try? After all, the present moment is the only moment we truly have. As they say, there’s no time like the present!

If you want to learn more about being mindful every day, you can learn more here.

Disclaimer: The information provided in this article is intended for educational and informational purposes only. It should not be construed as professional advice, diagnosis, or treatment. If you are experiencing symptoms of any mental health condition, we strongly advise consulting with a qualified healthcare professional.


Mindfulness, in simple terms, is the practice of paying attention to the present moment without judgment. It’s about fully engaging with whatever you’re doing or experiencing at a given moment, whether that’s eating a meal, having a conversation, or even breathing. It’s a way to tune into your thoughts, feelings, and surroundings, fostering a sense of calm and balance.

The seven principles of mindfulness are non-judging, patience, beginner’s mind, trust, non-striving, acceptance, and letting go. Each of these principles plays a vital role in cultivating a mindful state of being, and encouraging a more present, balanced, and fulfilling life.

The three fundamental qualities of mindfulness are intention, attention, and attitude. Intention refers to the purpose behind your mindfulness practice. Attention involves focusing your mind on the present moment. Attitude pertains to the mindset with which you approach your practice, ideally one of openness, curiosity, and compassion.

An example of mindfulness could be as simple as savoring a cup of coffee. Instead of gulping down your coffee while scrolling through emails, you could sit down and fully engage with the experience. Notice the warmth of the cup in your hands, the aroma of the coffee, the taste as you take a sip. Each time your mind wanders to your to-do list or other thoughts, gently bring it back to the experience of drinking your coffee.

Practicing mindfulness in everyday life can be as simple as paying full attention to routine tasks. This could be eating a meal, brushing your teeth, or walking to work. The key is to engage fully with these activities, noticing your senses, thoughts, and emotions as you perform them. Over time, you can also incorporate more formal meditation or mindfulness practices, such as meditation or yoga, into your routine.

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